What is Non Verbal Reasoning?

Non Verbal Reasoning tests are commonly used by employers of medical professions, engineering, piloting, air traffic controllers and other areas of recruitment.

The test is also used in the 11+ Kent test which is required for children to gain placements into grammar schools.

What does it mean? Non-Verbal Reasoning are assessments that require a person’s logical and technical ability to visualise patterns, shapes and formations. The questions appear in diagrammatic form, and are often referred to as Abstract or Diagrammatic Reasoning.

This type of assessment will enable employers to determine how well you can understand and visualise information to solve problems. You need to be able to recognise and identify patterns amongst abstract shapes and images.

Such tests may include:

  • Determining identical shapes
  • Rotating shapes
  • Reflections of shapes
  • Finding the odd shape
  • Finding the missing shape
  • 3D shapes
  • Coding
  • Shading and colours
  • Number sequences

All of the above are typical questions that often appear in a Non Verbal Reasoning test. It is imperative that you fully comprehend the question types, and know how to answer them.

This comprehensive guide will provide you with lots of testing questions in order to better your chances at passing your assessment.



The types of questions that you will face in the Non-Verbal Reasoning test will vary depending on the test you are sitting.

This guide provides an insight into the types of questions you could face and will assist you through the learning process. We have done our utmost to ensure that a range of testing questions are used throughout this downloadable resource, allowing you to utilise your skills and knowledge in regards to Non-Verbal Reasoning.

Complete the sequence practice question example

Complete the Sequence is a common Question Type.

Cubes and practice question example

A typical Cubes and Nets style Question type.

Test Shapes practice question example

Test Shapes is another popular NVR question type.



Work out which two shapes are identical. (No rotation or reflection needed).

ANSWER = B and C

How to work it out:

  • You need to pay close attention to what each shape is showing. Some of the shapes may look similar, but they may be slightly different. The shapes may join at a slightly different position, or the size of the shape may differ somewhat, so you must pay attention to what the shape is showing.
  • The key thing to remember for this question is detail. Pay attention to the smaller details within the figures, in order to distinguish which two shapes are identical.

Which shape is the odd one out?

Non-Verbal Reasoning Practice Question - Which shape is the odd one out?


These questions require a great level of concentration and ability to recognise patterns. In order for you to work out which figure is the odd one out, you need to work out which figure has something different about it.

Look out for colours, rotations, reflections, and numbers etc, anything that can make one of the figures different from the rest. For the sample question above, you will notice that the circles are highlighting what is missing and therefore this makes it the odd one out. The other figures (A, B, C and D) all have either a black or white square balanced on top of the horizontal line. Instead, Figure E has two squares attached to the bottom of the line.


Work out which option (A, B, C or D) would NOT look like the Question Figure if it was rotated.

Rotate the figure NVR example question


These types of questions require you to pay close attention to detail. You need to determine what the question is asking you.

For example, in this question it is asking you which figure is NOT a rotation of the Question Figure.

Therefore, you need to find which shape will not look like the Question Figure if it were to be rotated. Maybe the shape has changed slightly or maybe it is a reflection and not a rotation.


The comprehensive guide to Non-Verbal Reasoning guarantees a guide that will better your chances of passing! It provides a wide range of sample test questions and answers covering everything you will need to know in terms of abstract and diagrammatic reasoning.

This vast array of test questions will guarantee you to feel fully prepared for your assessment, and provide not only the knowledge and skills to tackle any Non-Verbal Reasoning test, but helps to make you feel more confident and prepared.

pass 11+ and sats
Non-Verbal Reasoning Tests Download
download now

Non-Verbal Reasoning Guide Contents

The Non-Verbal Reasoning comprehensive workbook contains:

  • EXPERT TIPS – top tips for passing the tests including what you should do and what you should try to avoid.
  • 100s OF TESTING QUESTIONS – the workbook purposely provides you with lots and lots of sample questions for you to get your head around, and to ensure you are ready to take your actual test.
  • IDEAL FOR EDUCATION AND RECRUITMENT – designed for schools, graduates and recruitment processes. This guide will provide you with all the preparation that is required to successfully pass these tests, including: how to do 11+ Non-Verbal Reasoning, sixth form, graduate job test papers and recruitment tests.
  • DETAILED EXPLANATIONS – this resource contains all the answers and explanations of how to work out every single question, so you are able to correct your mistakes and know how to work the question out for future reference.
  • A COMPREHENSIVE GUIDE – This guide is packed with all the information, advice and questions you will need to prepare for, and pass your assessment.


When you order you will receive the following free bonus;

Free Online Interactive Psychometric Practice Tests

30-DAYS FREE PSYCHOMETRIC ONLINE TESTING SUITE ACCESS. As an additional bonus, you will receive 30-days FREE ACCESS to our professional online testing suite which will equip you with sample tests that will help you prepare fully!

After your 30 days free trial ends the service is automatically charged at a mere £5.95 plus vat per month with no minimum term. You can cancel at any time. See our terms and conditions for more details.