Abstract Reasoning tests are being used more and more in roles that require an ability to make quick decisions in pressurised situations, such as roles within the medical profession.
An aptitude test is predominantly used to measure a person’s ability or potential for achieving in a specific role. An employer will normally create an aptitude test that mirrors the type of tasks a prospective candidate would be required to perform if he or she were to carry out the role in a real life situation. For example, jobs that require an ability to work with money or numbers would normally be required to sit some form of numerical aptitude test, whereas those people who need to calculate distances (firefighters) may be required to undertake a spatial awareness test.
The word ‘aptitude’ can be described as how quickly and easily you learn in the future. If you do not perform well during the aptitude test then it is a good indicator that you are unlikely to perform well in your chosen role. This is the exact reason why so many employers put so much emphasis on psychometric and aptitude testing. Naturally you will want to score high in your aptitude test so read on to find out how to pass aptitude tests with high scores.
In total there are nine different types of aptitude test that you will come across. You may not have to sit all nine during your assessment; however, it is good practice to have an understanding of each of them. The first and most common form is ‘general learning’, which is an example of how well we learn a new role at work. Here are the other eight forms of aptitude testing:
Numerical aptitude – this is where you will be required to work with numbers such as addition, subtraction, division and multiplication.
Verbal aptitude – during this form of test you will be required to understand words and passages.
Spatial reasoning – working with shapes and patterns to interpret their meaning.
Manual dexterity aptitude – being capable of working with your hands. The Fire Service require prospective candidates to carry out this type of test.
Finger dexterity – again, this is a form of practical assessment where you are required to use your fingers quickly and accurately. This may be whilst playing the piano or guitar during a grading assessment.
Form perception – this is where you are required to make comparisons between different shapes and objects. The differences may only be subtle so you will need to have an eye for detail.
Motor coordination – Have you ever constructed a piece of flat pack furniture from IKEA? If you managed to complete it successfully and in good time without any spare parts left then you have good motor coordination! This type of test is also used where there is a requirement in the role to use a computer keyboard.
Clerical perception – examples of this form of aptitude testing include proof reading and analysing graphs or pie charts.
The majority of aptitude tests you will come across will be multiple-choice in nature. This essentially means that you will be offered up to five or six different answer options. It will be your task to choose the right answers from the ones provided. Many people decide to guess if they are unsure of the correct answer; however, this is not good practice simply because many test administrators will deduct marks for inaccurate responses.
Of course, it is unlikely you will have to sit or be assessed against all nine forms of aptitude during your assessment; however, you should prepare for the more common type of assessment such as numerical reasoning, verbal reasoning and spatial reasoning. During this next section of the web page we will take a look at some sample aptitude test questions from two different areas.
In the following video Richard McMunn explains how this workbook will help you
pass any IQ or Aptitude based test:
To begin with, let’s start off with basic type of question.
Q1. A square has a perimeter of 36 cm. What is the length of one side?
We know that a square has four equal sides; therefore, in order to reach the answer we simply need to divide 36cm by 4 equal sides.
The answer to question 1 is 9cm
Now let’s take a look at a harder question with multiple-choice answers.
Q2. On Monday it takes Lucy 52 minutes to get to work. On Tuesday it takes 40 minutes, Wednesday takes 51 minutes, on Thursday it takes 1 hour 2 minutes and on Friday it takes 1 hour 30 minutes. How long did her average commute take?
a. 58 minutes
b. 62 minutes
c. 60 minutes
d. 61 minutes
e. 59 minutes
To calculate the average, add all the times together and then divide by how many days. Remember that 1 hour is 60 minutes.
Monday: 52 minutes
Tuesday: 40 minutes
Wednesday: 51 minutes
Thursday: 1 hour 2 minutes = 62 mins
Friday: 1 hour 30 minutes = 90 minutes
Total time = 52 + 40 + 51 + 62 + 90 = 295 minutes
Now divide this by the total amount of days which is 5.
Average commute = 295 ÷ 5 = 59 minutes
The answer to question 2 is e. 59 minutes
For jobs and careers that involve a practical element to them, you may be required to sit what is called a ‘spatial reasoning’ test. The deﬁnition of spatial reasoning is as follows:
‘The ability to interpret and make drawings from mental images and visualise movement or change in those images.’
Let us take a look at a sample question.
Q. Take a look at the following 3 shapes. Your task is to look at the given shapes and decide which of the examples matches the shape when joined together by the corresponding letters.
Answer to spatial aptitude questions is B.
During this final element of the tuition we will provide you with three very important tips that will help you to achieve better scores during your aptitude test.
TEST TIP 1 – The only way that you will improve and gain confidence in aptitude testing is to carry out plenty of sample test questions over a prolonged period of time. Most applicants will only start their preparation a few days before their test; clearly this does not give them sufficient time to practice. The aptitude tests book displayed at the bottom of this page is an excellent resource that will provide you with over 400 sample test questions. Use it during your preparation to improve your aptitude ability.
TEST TIP 2 – Before you attend the test go out of your way to find out the type of aptitude test you will be required to sit. Remember; at the beginning of this tutorial we explained how there are nine different testing areas! By having prior knowledge of the types of test you will be required to undertake you will be able to prepare far more effectively.
TEST TIP 3 - During the aptitude test aim for both speed and accuracy but above all, avoid wild guessing unless you are absolutely certain that marks will not be deducted for incorrect answers. Many test administrators will deduct marks for wild guessing or incorrect answers. Finally, aptitude and psychometric tests are not designed to be finished in the allocated time. Do not panic if you turn over the test paper and it is clear there are way too many questions for you to answer in the time given. Simply start to work through the questions quickly yet accurately and you ill be just fine.
The following book contains over 400 sample aptitude test questions to help you prepare for any type of assessment.
As you have just learnt, aptitude tests are designed to assess a candidates ability to perform in a specified role. The Aptitude Test Workbook above will provide you with advice, tips and over 400 sample test questions to help you reach your full potential.
This excellent workbook contains 16 tests with over 400 questions and includes the following testing areas: verbal, numerical, perceptual, spatial and practical. The author provides you lots of practical advice, help sections and expert tips to help you realise your goal of passing the assessment aptitude tests with high scores.
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